What Are PPE Types?

Almost every workplace on requires the use of PPE or personal protective equipment. However, it is important to know about certain aspects, such as how to choose and maintain such equipment and which forms of PPE are most appropriate for particular jobs.

Personal protective equipment, or “PPE,” is clothing worn to reduce exposure to risks that might result in significant workplace diseases and injuries. Contact with chemical, radioactive, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other job hazards may cause these wounds and illnesses. Items like gloves, safety goggles (101 Guide to Safety Goggles) ,shoes, earplugs or muffs, hard hats, respirators, coveralls, vests, and full-body suits are examples of personal protection equipment.

Choosing appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) is crucial to ensuring worker safety in the laboratory. This section’s resources aim to help researchers recognize and categorize different forms of PPE, allowing them to take the necessary safety measures during the study.

Moreover, Personal protective equipment (PPE) can be broken down into the following groups: eye and face protection, hand protection; body protection; respiratory protection; and hearing protection.

Different Types Of Medical PPE And Their Uses

Front view of a young male in a white special suit wearing a sterile protective mask
Source: Freepik

There are different types of Medical PPE, and each has specific functions and purposes. Some of the essential PPE medical supplies have been enlisted below. 

Medical Head Protection 

Person wearing a head mask
Source: Pexels

Three common types of head protection are in use today.

  • Hard hats, or industrial safety helmets : are worn in industries to protect workers’ heads from debris that may fall from above or be struck by moving objects.
  • Protective bump hats: are worn by workers to avoid injury from accidental headbutts to fixed surfaces.
  • Surgical hat: Wearing a surgical hair cap can help prevent contamination by microorganisms from the surgery.

Medical Eye Protection

Female healthcare worker with hands clasped praying at a medical clinic
Source: Freepik

Several different kinds of medical goggles PPE and shields are available for medical eye protection.

  • Safety spectacles: are identical to conventional ones, but the lenses are much more sturdy, and they may even feature side shields for more protection.
  • Protective eyewear: covers the eyes, typically over prescription glasses.
  • Safety goggles: are constructed of plastic, while the headband is made of elastic.
  • Face Shields: are designed to protect the entire face of the wearer from hazards like chemical splashes, flying objects, germs, and bacteria.
  • As they do not completely cover the eye, face shields do not protect against dust, gases, fumes, and mists, but they do protect the face.

Eye protection may be necessary when performing the following tasks: welding procedures involving gas or vapor under pressure, handling hazardous compounds where there is a possibility of splashes, and working with power-driven instruments where materials are likely to be pushed are all examples of high-risk activities. When participating medical activities, you also need to protect your eye, because the virus can also be transmitted through the eyes.

Medical Hearing Protection 

Female doctor with stethoscope and in black mask
Source: Freepik

There are three distinct kinds of earplugs for hearing protection.

  • Ear muffs or ear protectors:A pair of ear muffs or a pair of ear protectors that cover the ear entirely.
  • Earplugs: are designed for the ear canal.
  • Ear canal covers, or semi-inserts: are used to prevent debris from entering the ear.

Medical Hand Protection 

Latex surgical gloves
Source: MedicalKemei

Different kinds of armor can be worn to safeguard the hands and forearms.

  • Hand protection, whether medical gloves or gauntlets (leather, latex, nitrile, plastic coated, chain mail, etc.).
  • Armlet cuffs, for instance, are the ones used in glass cutting and handling.

Some examples of jobs where gloves and shields could be useful are: working with vibrating equipment like pneumatic drills and chainsaws; handling abrasive, sharp, or pointed objects by hand; occupations in construction, the outdoors, working with chemicals, and potentially harmful substances like bodily fluids, and those requiring the worker to endure extremes of temperature.

Medical Respiratory Protection

Physician in sterile mask reading document
Source: Pexels

Respiratory Protective Equipment, or RPE: is gear made to shield the wearer from potential harm caused by exposure to harmful substances on the job. In terms of breathing, choose between two distinct devices.

  • Purifies the air we breathe by filtering out contaminants.
  • Offers a pristine air supply unconnected to any other facility.

The use of gases, vapors, dust, powders, welding tools, grinders, cutters, and saws increases the need to utilize RPE. If the face mask doesn’t fit snugly on the face, then any air, dust, gases, or vapors that pass through the mask can enter the lungs. This is why it’s so crucial to always wear the right size mask and apply it properly.

Medical Foot Protection 

Person in white chemical protection suit
Source: Freepik

Several distinct styles of safety shoes exist for foot protection.

  • Steel toe caps: are the standard for safety footwear, but other safeguards (such as steel midsoles, slip-resistant soles, and insulation against heat and cold) may also be included.
  • Steel toe caps: can also be added to boots.
  • The anti-static and conductive shoes: prevent foot injuries caused by static electricity.
  • Medical Isolation booties: are disposable, non-slip shoe covers that help stop the spread of viruses and other contaminants

Some jobs that may necessitate the use of foot protection include: Construction, demolition, building maintenance, manual lifting (with the associated risk of heavy things falling on one’s feet), working in extremely hot or cold settings, working with chemicals, and forestry are all examples of hazardous occupations.

Medical Body Protection 

Doctor self protection uniform
Source: Freepik

Various forms of body protection components include:

  • Uniforms consisting of overalls, aprons, and coveralls (protection against hazardous substances)
  • High visibility (jackets, pants, and vests), harnesses, and life jackets, as well as clothes suitable for usage in hot, cold, or inclement weather, and for use in protecting against machines.

Some examples of jobs where protective gear could be useful include: outdoor, forestry, and ground maintenance work working with dangerous substances working adjacent to a roadway or locations with moving transit and vehicles (such as building sites)

Levels Of PPE Protection 

Disposable surgical gowns
Source:  MedicalKemei

Response workers are put in danger by the hazardous substances themselves and also by the resulting vapors, fumes, and particles. This is why PPE is so important for response workers to have whenever they are near the scene. Selecting appropriate PPE is simplified when more information is available about the dangers present at a release site. For safety, it is essential to choose from one of four distinct sets of PPE.

Level A Protection 

When there is a very high risk of injury or death from exposure to dangers, the wearer must wear Level A protection, which includes the highest standards of skin, respiratory, and eye protection. Items such as these are examples of Level A apparel and equipment.

Fully encapsulating chemical and vapor protection suit; inner and outer chemical resistant gloves; chemical resistant boots; positive pressure, full face-piece self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) or positive pressure supplied air respirator with escape SCBA; and disposable protective suit, gloves, and boots.

Level B Protection

In situations calling for the highest level of respiratory protection but only minimal levels of skin protection, level B protection is mandated. To yet, atmospheric vapors or gas levels at most outside hazardous waste sites that have been abandoned have not reached concentrations high enough to warrant level A protection. Some common examples of Level B security, include: outer and inner chemical-resistant gloves, face shields, hooded chemical-resistant garments, coveralls, and chemical-resistant boots; positive pressure, full face-piece self-contained breathing equipment (SCBA), or positive pressure supplied air respirator with escape SCBA.

Level C Protection 

When the airborne substance concentration and kind are known, and the conditions for employing air-purifying respirators are met, then protection at Level C is required. A sampling of Level C gear would consist of: A hard hat, an escape mask, a pair of disposable outer boots that are resistant to chemicals, and a pair of full-face air-purifying respirators.

Level D Protection 

The bar is set at Protection Level D. In the absence of any contaminants or where the nature of the task prevents any splashes, immersions, inhalation, or contact with dangerous amounts of chemicals, Level D protection may be enough. The following items may constitute acceptable Level D protective gear: Wear protective equipment including gloves, coveralls, safety glasses, a face shield, and steel-toe boots or shoes if working around chemicals.

Regulations Of Medical Personal Protective Equipment 

Doctor wearing personal protective equipment
Source: Freepik

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has strict guidelines that all medical-grade PPE must adhere to, and all such PPE must also comply with any relevant voluntary consensus standards for safety. These are items like gowns, gloves, respirators, and masks. 

Depending on the type of PPE, the FDA has different regulations and associated consensus standards. When these rules are followed, rest assured that the product is safe and will do its job.

Before they can be sold in the United States, the FDA must approve some personal protective equipment (PPE). The producers must demonstrate significant equivalence in this evaluation, also known as Premarket Notification or 510(k) clearance, by satisfying certain requirements for performance, labeling, and intended use. Conformity with consensus standards for barrier performance and resistance to tears and snags is one method substantial equivalence can be proven. 

Sterility (where relevant), biocompatibility, fluid resistance, and flammability can also be demonstrated with the help of voluntary consensus standards. Each product must be backed up by relevant performance test results, and manufacturers must validate the procedures used to test adherence to standards.

N95 Respirators and Masks 

Face masks
Source: MedicalKemei

Personal protection equipment such as N95 respirators and surgical masks are used to prevent particles and liquids from entering the wearer’s lungs and nose. N95 respirators are subject to regulation by the CDC’s NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health). 

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) of the United States Department of Labor oversees businesses’ adherence to OSHA standards and laws regarding worker safety, such as the use of respirators in hazardous workplaces.

To effectively stop the spread of germs like viruses, it’s best to employ several different treatments, not simply personal protective equipment (PPE).

Medical Gloves

latex exam gloves used in dental
Source: Unsplash

Personal protective equipment (PPE) includes things like medical gloves that prevent the transmission of disease during operations and examinations. As part of an overall infection-prevention plan, medical gloves play a crucial role. Thus it is important to purchase medical exam gloves in bulk and get bulk nitrile exam gloves from reliable manufacturers. 

Examination gloves, surgical gloves, and chemotherapy gloves are all examples of disposable medical gloves (chemotherapy gloves). The FDA considers these gloves to be a Class I reserved medical device that necessitates a 510(k) premarket notification before they can be marketed to the general public. The FDA examines these products to guarantee that they meet performance standards, including being tear- and leak-proof as well as being biocompatible.

Medical Gowns 

Front view doctor holding tablet
Source: Freepik

Examples of PPE used in healthcare environments include medical gowns. Their purpose is to prevent the spread of disease-causing bacteria from one person to another in the event of accidental contact with infected fluids or solids. 

They could also be worn to protect individuals with compromised immune systems from the wearer’s possible transmission of germs. The purpose of these gowns is to shield the wearer from harm. No gowns have been specifically cleared, approved, or permitted by the FDA for use in the prevention or protection against the COVID-19 virus at this time. An infection-control plan that includes the use of gowns is essential.

Factors To Consider When Buying PPE For Healthcare Workers

Doctor in a white medical gown
Source: Freepik

Healthcare workers’ safety should always be the top priority when hazardous conditions exist in the workplace. Therefore, managers should give careful thought to the various options available to them when choosing PPE for their staff members.

It’s not always easy to figure out what to look for in PPE for various fields of work. Luckily, it is easy to discover the proper equipment to fit the needs because there are some similar traits and conditions across all industries. Some of the common factors to consider when buying PPE for healthcare workers have been mentioned below. 

Level Of Threat 

The level of danger posed by the work being done by the individual who will be using the PPE should be taken into account. It is important to think about how risky the production process is for the medical worker.

Heavy annealed glass requires superior PPE if the healthcare workers will be moving it around regularly. There is a significant risk of injury to medical workers from broken half-inch annealed glass since it can become as sharp as a scalpel. They would need PPE with increased cut protection to prevent a catastrophe in this situation.

In contrast, if the employees are dealing with tempered glass that is only a quarter of an inch thick, the likelihood of a catastrophic incident is greatly reduced. They don’t need anything more than level 4 or 5 gear to be safe in this situation. The choice of gear will be informed by the threat assessment. To put it another way: if the amount of danger is high, then so too should be the level of protection from cuts.

Safety And Comfort 

How to strike a balance between convenience and security in PPE is a matter of concern. In the workplace, ease of movement and posture is highly valued. Employee morale plummets and the likelihood of reckless mishaps rises dramatically if they are not provided with a suitable working environment. Finding a middle ground is essential for avoiding this.

The significant factor is to avoid going overboard by purchasing more secure tools from the surgical gloves manufacturer than necessary. As the level of protection it provides increases, the heavier the PPE becomes. Employees will feel worn down physically, and they may be too tense and uneasy to function effectively.

Size And Fit 

Make sure the PPE is the right size for each medical worker, as this is often the most neglected consideration. Loose clothing aids comfort in many manual labor jobs. However, loose clothing has the potential to cause serious injury if it gets trapped in machinery or on moving vehicles.

To avoid this, it’s important to learn the clothing sizes of the employees. Their protective gear doesn’t have to be form-fitting, but it also shouldn’t be too baggy. Think about the length of a medical worker’s neck, too, especially if glass or other sharp materials may be used. In these areas, collars must completely encircle the wearer’s neck as it can be potentially lifesaving.

Cost And Budget

The larger the organization, the more important cost becomes when selecting PPE. Several variables impact the total price of personal protective equipment. Whether it’s cut-, electrical-, or flame resistance, the level of resistance is the most important aspect in deciding the price.

Since the hazards against which these three categories of PPE are effective are all quite distinct, there is typically little to no price difference between them. However, the cost rises proportionally as the resistance increases in each tool. To give just one example, the price of a level 4 cut-resistant jacket is significantly lower than that of a level 8 garment.

No matter what else is being considered for purchase for healthcare workers, the price of PPE is constantly brought up. Investing in personal protective equipment for healthcare workers is a significant expense that should not be made carelessly.

Quality Products

Invest in quality personal protective equipment (PPE) for use in the workplace. Investing in PPE with high-quality features can increase compliance with workplace health and safety regulations requiring employees to wear protective apparel. Consequently, this should have a beneficial effect on healthcare worker safety and cut down on workplace injuries and mishaps.


Weather conditions play a major role in selecting the PPE kit for healthcare workers. Purchases of personal protective equipment (PPE) that are overly bulky in heated conditions can lead to worker tiredness and an increase in the likelihood of accidents. On the other hand, if you purchase PPE that is too light for a cold area, workers may become uncomfortable, which can lead to injuries and a drop in output through lower coordination and productivity.

Working indoors in a controlled setting means it is easy to tailor the temperature and humidity as per the preferences. Pullovers are ideal for air-conditioned offices because they eliminate the distraction of zippers and other fasteners. It is also important to think about whether or not the business promotes a culture of safety. It’s the secret sauce that separates one business from another.

Wholesale Qualified PPE Used In Healthcare In Kemei

Medical Gown
Source: MedicalKemei

Top ppe manufacturers – Kemei is the best option for high-quality, reasonably priced medical safety equipment because of its more than two decades of experience in the industry. It carries a wide variety of medical equipment and supplies, including disposable gauze bandages, thermometers, wholesale medical gowns, and face masks. 

Kemei is not restricted to producing only high-quality medical gloves because they are aware of the expanding needs of the industry. They offer protection for the entire body, from the face to the feet and head.

Medical Gloves

Kemei is popular among well-known medical glove manufacturers that leave an indelible mark on the minds of the target market with the selection of medical gloves. Be rest assured that these gloves are both high quality and safe to use because they were produced using state-of-the-art automatic demolding processes.

Face Protection

Kemei is also a popular face shields supplier has all of the face protection options that the market needs, from masks to medical goggles. Each item is expertly crafted to offer the highest level of protection possible while also being pleasant to wear.

Head protection

The consumers will have superior protection from harmful head pollutants with disposable items from Kemei. Its disposable surgical caps are made from high-quality materials, making them comfortable to wear and able to maintain their shape for extended periods.

Body Protection

Those in the medical field who work in dangerous or upsetting environments should feel secure knowing that they can make use of a wide range of body protection options. To ensure the cleanliness of our products, they manufacture everything in a factory with a high purification level.

You can contact MedicalKemei for more information. 

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