What Are Medical Gowns?

Find out everything you need to know about medical gowns! Why are they used? How do they protect patients and staff?

Two Medical Professional Wearing Medical Gown
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A medical gown is a piece of clothing that medical personnel wear during examinations and treatments. Personal safety equipment used in health care settings is illustrated. They are used to keep disease-causing bacteria from spreading if the user comes into contact with a potentially contagious liquid or solid material. 

They could also be used to keep the user from spreading pathogens that could damage susceptible patients, such as those with impaired immune systems. Gowns are designed to provide a wide range of barrier protection. Gowns are one component of a larger infection-control strategy.

Gowns used in health care settings are known by various names, including surgical gowns, isolation gowns, surgical isolation gowns, non-surgical gowns, procedural gowns, and operating room gowns.

The markings on medical gowns reflect performance in critical zones. Critical zones are parts of the gown most likely to come into contact with liquids, such as the forearms and midriff. For the gown’s rating, the zones provide the highest amount of liquid barrier protection. Any non-critical zones must perform at least at level one.

Surgical gown (Knowledge: How To Properly Wear and Remove Surgical Gown) crucial zones typically include the forearms and the front half of the gown from the shoulders to the legs. Critical zones are nearly entirely absent from surgical isolation garments and non-surgical gowns.

Medical gowns are worn for various reasons, including protecting the wearer’s skin from fluid body contact, preventing infection spread, and maintaining the wearer’s modesty. Gowns are often removed before the conclusion of a medical procedure or examination and replaced with a clean gown if the operation needs extended use.

Some medical gowns are designed with unique characteristics such as pockets for keeping medical instruments, ties or belts for closure, and long sleeves to protect the forearms. For emergency situations, other gowns may be manufactured of waterproof or fire-resistant material.

Several types of medical gowns and levels of protection must be appropriate for the area. Gowns can differ based on various criteria, including size and sleeve length, as well as materials and usage designation. Some gowns go through the 510(k) premarket notification process, in which they notify and demonstrate to the FDA that the device is essentially equivalent to another device on the market. 

That is why, it is essential to look for trustworthy medical gown manufacturers who supply high-quality medical gowns. Continue reading to learn about the many varieties of medical gowns.

Types of Medical Disposable Gowns

Medical Professional Wearing Medical Gown
Source: Pexels

There are numerous types of medical gowns. Thus it is critical to select the appropriate one for the situation. For example, medical gowns, they are designed to wear over clothes. Other medical gowns are designed to be worn adjacent to the skin. In addition, the amount of coverage provided by gowns can also vary.

While all hospital gowns have the same basic design, they are not made equal – several varieties of hospital gowns serve quite diverse roles. Some are intended for doctors and nurses, while others are designed for use by patients. 

Another consideration is that disposable medical gowns are worn by doctors, nurses, surgeons, and other medical staff to protect them from fluids, germs, and bacteria. The various kinds of gowns provide varying amounts of protection for low- to high-risk circumstances.

Medical gowns are produced from a variety of materials. Paper or plastic disposable robes are used. These medical gown are often white, blue or green in colour. Some of it are made in printed flowers or other patterns. 

Various colours might be used to signify the level of protection provided. Ties on both paper and plastic robes will allow altering the fit. Some feature wrist-length sleeves, while others have shorter sleeves that stop at the elbows. 

When it comes to plastic gowns, they are made of strong, liquid-resistant plastic. It cost more than paper gowns and are less breathable and are frequently used in medical procedures that involve many bodily fluids.

Sterile gowns are the only ones that should be used for surgery. These robes have been subjected to specialist treatment and packing during manufacturing to ensure that they remain sterile until usage. 

These characteristics are critical in healthcare and many industrial workplaces. This is because they help to produce a contaminant-free atmosphere and limit the danger of foreign particles entering a patient or sensitive work project. This is why it is critical to always choose the appropriate medical gown. 

Here are the types of disposable gowns:

Isolation Gowns

An isolation gown is a type of personal protective equipment (PPE) that is recommended for use in healthcare settings where there is a risk of exposure to bodily fluids. Isolation gowns are designed to protect the wearer from contact with blood and other body fluids. They are typically made of disposable material such as paper or plastic and are worn over the clothes.

Isolation gowns are used in many healthcare settings, including hospitals, clinics, and doctor’s offices. They are also worn by healthcare workers who are caring for patients with certain infectious diseases. Isolation gowns help to prevent the spread of infection by providing a barrier between the wearer and the patient.

There are four main types of isolation gowns: surgical, medical, procedure, and patient. 

Surgical gowns are usually made of a breathable, yet impermeable material like polypropylene. They are worn by surgeons and other operating room personnel when there is a reasonable risk of exposure to blood and body fluids. Surgical gowns can be either reusable or disposable. 

Medical gowns are also worn by medical staff in areas where they are likely to come into contact with patients with infectious diseases. These gowns are typically made of a less durable material than surgical gowns and are more likely to be disposable. 

Procedure gowns are similar to medical gowns but are designed for use in procedures where there is a lower risk of exposure to bodily fluids. They may be made of a less durable material and be more likely to be disposable. 

Patient gowns are usually made of a comfortable, absorbent material like cotton. They are intended for use by patients who are not at risk of exposure to bodily fluids.

Surgical Gowns

A surgical gown is a personal protective garment used by healthcare staff during surgical procedures to protect both the patient and the healthcare personnel from transmitting pathogens, bodily fluids, and particulate matter. 

National guidelines have defined vital protection zones due to the controlled nature of surgical procedures. The critical or protection zones encompass the front body from the top shoulder to the knees. And the arms from the wrist cuff to the above elbow.

The barrier requirements for surgical gowns and other protective gear are based on the anticipated location and degree of liquid contact, given the predicted use conditions. The critical zones include regions where direct contact with blood, bodily fluids, and potentially infectious materials occurs, while areas outside the critical zones can also be sprayed or splashed accidentally.

In addition, the surgical gowns are made of impermeable material or a water-resistant, tightly woven fabric, and they have been found to reduce bacterial counts in the operating room. The impact of contamination via this pathway on the development of surgical site infection is unknown. 

Sterile surgical gowns are not normally required for most dermatologic operations. However, they may be considered protective clothing for liposuction or other treatments that expose the patient to bodily fluids.

Furthermore, all types of surgical gowns must be sterile and clearly labeled as such. The FDA classifies a surgical gown type as a Class 2 medical device that requires a 510(k) premarket notification. This is available insurgical gowns manufacturers.

Medical Coveralls

It is important to understand the proper medical overall cover in order to offer a high degree of protection throughout job activities. These medical coveralls or medical jumpsuits are a sort of protective clothing that is commonly used in hospitals. They are intended to protect the wearer from dangerous items such as microorganisms or chemicals. 

Medical coveralls are extremely resistant to tearing and abrasion, allowing them to keep their protective characteristics even under intense operating circumstances.

Coveralls are also commonly employed in industrial settings to shield workers from hazardous substances. It is normally available in several sizes to accommodate various body forms. It also has varying levels of protection depending on the materials used. 

Some coveralls include hoods, gloves, and boots to give additional protection. Coveralls are an essential piece of personal protective equipment (PPE) that should be worn wherever dangerous materials are present.

Furthermore, there are various reasons why wearing medical coveralls is essential. Another reason might be working in a hospital facility to protect from infection. Wearing it if operating with dangerous materials to protect from chemical or other toxic compounds.

Choosing the correct size and material for medical coveralls is critical. Consider how frequently this needs to be used and whether it is over another gown.

Closed-Back Hospital Gowns

Closed-back gowns provide maximum protection and neck-to-knee coverage. It’s also designed with double tie backs and knitted cuffs that can be worn with gloves. The gown has multiple ties at the back of the waist and neck for a comfortable and secure fit.

In addition, Closed-back gowns offer an impenetrable barrier, protecting your personnel from bloodborne diseases and bacteria.

Medical practitioners in any healthcare setting can benefit from closed-back medical gowns in a variety of ways. It is also critical that the closed-back gown has elements that will improve the workers’ safety and contribute to a healthier work environment. 

Each closed-back isolation gown is designed for maximum protection and is made of a combination of durable fabrics in various layers.

Open-Back Gowns

Open-back gowns are an excellent choice for low-risk medical settings. They provide a primary yet effective barrier, preventing people from coming into touch with fluid splashes and sprays.

Long sleeves with elasticated thumb loop wrists for a secure and comfortable fit are featured on this open-back gown. The front of each gown gives full body covering, and the open-back design makes dresses simple to put on and take off. A flexible fit means that personnel, patients, and visitors can wear the gown comfortably for as long as necessary.

Disposable Patient Gowns Type

Patient Wearing Medical Gown and a Doctor
Source: Pinterest

There are various types of patient gowns. They are often composed of disposable materials like paper or plastic and come in a range of colours. Typically, medical coveralls are worn over other protective clothing, such as a gown or scrubs. Moreover, choosing the best disposable gown suppliers is important. 

For disposable patients’ gowns, there are various ways in using them. These gowns are also available in various styles, ranging from full-body. It offers therapists a sanitary and simple option to provide patients with temporary clothing while they undergo operations of any kind.

Disposable patient gowns are available in a range of forms and sizes, allowing you to pick the ideal one for your specific requirements. Some disposable patient gowns are composed of light, airy, comfortable material, while others are made of a heavier, more lasting substance.

Patient Exam Gowns

Patients are also required to wear gowns throughout medical treatments, whether they are regular exams or experimental surgeries. These robes are not intended to shield the patient but rather to allow medical staff easy access to the patient for exams or surgery. 

Everyone has had to wear a medical gown at some point in their lives, as they are a standard part of hospital attire for patients. Additionally, disposable patient gowns are available in a variety of styles, ranging from full-body to shorts. 

These gowns are often composed of paper and intended to be used once and discarded. While disposable gowns are less expensive than cloth gowns, the cost may pile up over time because they cannot be reused and must be purchased more frequently.

Another type of patient gown is a classic gown. This is the traditional hospital gown you have most likely worn before. The front panel gives full coverage, while the back is split down the middle to allow easy on and off. These gowns are typically created with back neck and waist ties, though a few variants use snaps instead of ties.

Medical Exam Gowns

Medical examination gowns are available in various styles, colors, and sizes to accommodate a wide range of patients and professional requirements. These clothes offer medical professionals free access to and examination of any patient’s body. 

They are available in various styles, including the whole and upper body. These items are typically lightly knotted around the body for easy removal and wear. They are especially useful for bedridden patients or when several exams or treatments are required. Compared to another medical gown, it can also greatly help their comfort. Because paper gowns can rip and need to be replaced, fabric gowns have shown to be a dependable, long-term, cost-effective solution.

Disposable Gowns Types for Doctors

Disposable Reinforced Surgical Gown
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Doctors use disposable gowns to protect themselves and their patients from infection. The most common types of disposable gowns are made from polypropylene, polyester, or a combination of both materials. Gowns made from polypropylene are lightweight and comfortable to wear, but they provide less protection than heavier gowns made from polyester. Gowns made from a combination of polypropylene and polyester are the best choice for most medical procedures.

Types of Disposable Gowns for Doctors

There are several different types of disposable gowns available for doctors to use. The most common type is the isolation gown, which is designed to protect the wearer from coming into contact with infectious materials. Other types of gowns include surgical gowns, which are designed to protect the wearer from blood and other body fluids; and protective gowns, which are designed to protect the wearer from hazardous materials.

Isolation gowns are typically made from a lightweight, breathable material such as polyester or nylon. They usually have long sleeves and come in a variety of colors. Isolation gowns are typically worn over regular clothes, and they can be either disposable or reusable.

Surgical gowns are usually made from a heavyweight material such as polypropylene. They typically have short sleeves and come in a variety of colors. Surgical gowns are usually worn over scrubs, and they can be either disposable or reusable.

Protective gowns are usually made from a heavyweight material such as Kevlar. They typically have long sleeves and come in a variety of colors. Protective gowns are usually worn over regular clothes, and they can be either disposable or reusable.

Level of Risk for Medical Gowns Types 

A Man in Medical Gown
Source: Pexels

When choosing gowns, look for product labelling that describes intended use as well as the desired level of protection based on the risk levels described below.

The FDA recognizes the American National Standards Institute/Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation consensus standard, “Liquid barrier performance and classification of protective apparel and drapes intended for use in health care facilities.” This standard establishes a classification system for protective apparel and drapes used in healthcare facilities based on their liquid barrier performance, as well as related labelling requirements and standardized test methods for determining compliance. 

The standard’s ultimate goal is to assist end-users in identifying the type(s) of the protective product(s) that are best appropriate for a specific task or situation:

Level 1: 

Minimal risk, the standard’s ultimate goal is to assist end-users in identifying the type(s) of the protective product(s) that are best appropriate for a specific task or situation. Resistant to all kinds of fluid and contaminants.

Level 2: 

Low risk, to be used in situations such as blood draws, suturing, the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), or a pathology lab. Resistant to all kinds of fluid and contaminants.

Level 3: 

Moderate risk must be utilized, for example, during an arterial blood draw, an intravenous (IV) line placement, in an emergency room, or in trauma cases. Resistant to all kinds of fluid and contaminants.

Level 4: 

High risk, this is used during long, fluid-intensive operations, surgery, pathogen resistance, or infectious disease suspicion (non-airborne). Resistant to all kinds of fluid and contaminants.

Wholesale Types of Medical Gowns in Kemei

Medical Kemei Logo
Source: Medical Kemei

Having trouble finding a medical gown? No need to search any further. Medical Kemei is a recognized medical disposable manufacturing company that specializes in delivering medical gowns to minimize disease transmission between healthcare providers and patients. Protective medical gowns are a must-have item in each healthcare facility because they play an important role in infection management, reducing illness severity and death.

As a major disposable medical gown maker, the company provides various types of protective gowns to healthcare facilities, including plastic isolation gowns, surgical gowns, and medical coveralls.

Its medical gown, designed for comprehensive body protection, keeps medical frontliners and those exposed to sensitive medical conditions secure and protected. To ensure the sterility of our output, all products are manufactured in a 100,000-level purification workshop.

The company’s medical gowns are the following:

DescriptionThe company’s Medical disposable coveralls provide quick and cost-effective protective gear that covers the entire body. They use non-woven textiles that are breathable and lightweight, allowing hospital staff to conduct patient care activities without restriction. Our 100,000-grade cleanroom is used to manufacture all of the medical disposable coveralls, ensuring that each protective garment is safe and contaminant-free.
Model and SpecificationA one-piece garment that comes in small, medium, large, and extra-large sizes.
ApplicationCan be used for general isolation in outpatient service, wards, and laboratories of medical institutionsQuality StandardThe product meets the ISO 13485:2016 Quality Management System Standards.
DescriptionThe disposable surgical gowns are comprised of sticky non-woven fabric that is precisely cut, stitched, and folded. The non-woven fabric used in the company’s gowns makes them breathable, lightweight, and long-lasting. On disposable surgical gowns, they use a protective and comfortable design that allows for a complete range of motion with breathable and flexible fabric while giving full-body covering.
Model and SpecificationThe piece is available in small, medium, large, extra-large, and double extra-large. It is a duplicate type of clothing.
ApplicationUsed for general isolation in outpatient services, wards, and laboratories of medical institutions.
Quality StandardAdhere to the National Quality Standards and ISO 13485:2016 Quality Management System Standards, as well as CE certification.
DescriptionThe company manufactures medical disposable coveralls, which are a quick and affordable protective garment that covers the entire body. They use non-woven materials that are breathable and light, which enables hospital healthcare staff to carry out their patient care duties without any difficulty. To ensure that each protective garment is secure and free of contaminants, we manufacture all of our medical disposable coveralls in a cleanroom that is 100,000-grade.
Model and SpecificationDuplicate type, single-piece attire, have sizes S, M, L, XXL, and XXL.
ApplicationUsed for general isolation in hospitals’ rooms, laboratories, and outpatient services
Quality StandardNational Quality Standards and ISO 13485:2016 Quality Management System Standards are met, and the product is CE-certified.

The company manufactures disposable medical gowns with a variety of characteristics that provide exceptional benefits.

  • Fluid, blood, and alcohol resistance
  • Material that is both flexible and durable, having a high tensile strength.
  • Elastic cuffs for added security.
  • Tear and flame resistance
  • Wearing and removing it is simple, and it allows for full body movement.
  • Prevents dust and microorganisms
  • Superior protection for workers that are working in severely dangerous areas.
  • Staff, patients, and visitors are all kept safe.

During its two decades of manufacturing medical equipment, the company has mastered all of the techniques and technical know-how required to make dependable, high-quality sterile gowns.

Other services offered by the organization include medical glove suppliers, medical adhesive tape, disposable, surgical caps, medical shoes, and more.


Reusable vs. Disposable Medical Gowns

A Woman Experiment
Source: Pexel

As more and more people are looking for ways to be eco-friendly, the debate between reusable and disposable medical gowns (Check: Medical Gowns Buying Guide) is becoming more common. There are pros and cons to both sides, so it’s important to understand the FAQs before making a decision.

1. What are the costs associated with each type of gown?

Reusable gowns are typically made of a durable material such as cotton or polyester. They can be washed and reused multiple times. Disposable medical gowns are usually made of a paper or plastic material that is intended for single use only.

The cost of a reusable gown will depend on the materials used and the design. Disposable medical gowns are generally less expensive than reusable gowns.

2. How often do they need to be replaced?

There is no definitive answer to this question as it will depend on a number of factors, such as the type of medical gown, the frequency of use, and the environment in which it is used. However, most medical gowns are designed to be disposable and should be replaced after each use.

3. What are the infection risks with each type of gown?

There are infection risks with both reusable and disposable gowns. With reusable gowns, there is the potential for the gown to become contaminated with bacteria or other microorganisms. If the gown is not laundered properly, these microorganisms can be transferred to the next patient who wears the gown. There is also the potential for the fabric of the gown to tear, which could allow bacteria or other microorganisms to enter the patient’s wound.

With disposable gowns, there is the potential for the gown to be contaminated with bacteria or other microorganisms during manufacture or storage. If the gown is not properly sterilized before use, these microorganisms can be transferred to the patient. There is also the potential for the gown to tear, which could allow bacteria or other microorganisms to enter the patient’s wound.

4. How easy is it to clean and maintain each type of gown?

There are pros and cons to both reusable and disposable gowns. Reusable gowns can be made of a variety of materials, including polyester, cotton, or a blend of the two. They are usually machine-washable and can be tumble dried on a low heat setting. Some reusable gowns have waterproof outer layers to protect against spills and splashes. Disposable gowns are made of non-woven material, such as polypropylene, that is resistant to fluids and tears. They are intended for single-use only and should be disposed of after each patient.

5. Are there any other benefits or drawbacks to consider?

There are a few benefits and drawbacks to consider when deciding between reusable and disposable products.

Benefits of reusable products: 

  1. They are often cheaper in the long run.
  2. They help reduce waste.
  3. They can be better for the environment.
  4. They often last longer.

Drawbacks of reusable products: 

  1. They can be more expensive upfront.
  2. They require more maintenance.
  3. They can be less convenient.

Benefits of disposable products: 

  1. They are often more convenient.
  2. They require less maintenance.
  3. They can be cheaper upfront.

Drawbacks of disposable products: 

  1. They create more waste.
  2. They are often not as durable.
  3. They can be bad for the environment.


There are many things to consider when it comes to medical gown or hospital-type gowns. The ability to provide adequate protection or durability tests (breaking, tear, seam strength, pilling resistance, dimensional stability, air permeability, colorfastness, and fabric hand)

Furthermore, Medical Kemei experience and skills in the medical industry will undoubtedly be valuable to any organization. They can ensure quality consistency and on-time delivery. Working with them will be an excellent alternative for anyone looking to start a medical-related business

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    Jiangxi Kemei Medical Apparatus & Instruments Group Co., Ltd.Address:No. 316 National road, Xinju, Changshan Town, Jinxian County, Nanchang City, 331724 Jiangxi Province, China.


    0086 17702094798


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